Linden, New Jersey is a city in Union County, directly across Arthur’s Kill from Staten Island, NY. It is about 13 miles southwest of Manhattan, and has a population of over 40,000 people. Linden covers 11.4 square miles of land, including several unincorporated communities. Linden owes its names to the linden trees that were brought to the area from Germany.
Linden has a variety of roadways leading to the surrounding areas including the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95), which passes through the eastern part of the city, with the Garden State Parkway just outside the city to the west. It also has a terminal portion of I-278, connecting to the five boroughs of New York City. The city is also served by the North Jersey Coast Line of train service, with access to Newark, Trenton, and New York’s Penn Station.
Linden is marked by over 30 parks that run throughout the city, including a bird sanctuary and a memorial to United Flight 93, which was destroyed in the attacks on 9/11.
Linden, New Jersey was formed into a township in 1861, taking land from the surrounding towns of Elizabeth, Rahway, and Union Township. The area was first settled in the 1660s by English settlers, and saw some of the first English settlements in New Jersey. This portion of New Jersey played a key role in the American Revolution, with many battles occurring here.
Following the Revolution, immigrants from England, Ireland, and Germany streamed into the area. Today, Linden is known for its Polish population, with many Polish eating establishments. The Polish-American market covers nearly a city block, and local churches hold services in Polish to cater to the needs of the 15% of the population which speaks Polish as a primary language.
Linden was incorporated as a city in 1925, encompassing Linden Township and Linden Borough.
Linden has been home to several large corporations in its history, some of which are still in operation today. With its location adjacent to Arthur’s Kill, it also plays a role in transporting goods between New Jersey and New York via this straight.
For nearly 70 years, Linden was home to a General Motors facility called Linden Assembly. The plant produced a wide range of General Motors brand automobiles. During World War II, the factory was also used to produce planes for the war effort.
Linden shares industries with the surrounding cities as well. The Bayway Refinery is in both Linden and Elizabeth, supplying over 230,000 barrels of petroleum products to New York and New Jersey each day. This is one of the largest such facilities on the East Coast and is in the top 25 in the United States.
Merck & Co. also calls Linden home. For over 100 years, the company has been located in Linden and neighboring Rahway, leading the pharmaceutical industry.
Linden, New Jersey is a unique city with a robust economy combined with open parklands, located on the eastern shores of New Jersey. With its proximity and easy access to New York City, this city has much to offer residents and businesses alike.